List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section. Here are some examples of basic reference formats:
List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section. Reference using Mendeley, Zotero, and other reference tools are recommended (APA Style). Here are some examples of basic reference formats:
- Authored Book
Author’s last name, Initials. (Publication year). Complete title (edition, if not the first). Publication location: Publishing company.
Curtis, S. (2004), Health and Inequality: Geographical Perspectives, London: Sage.
- Chapter in an Edited Book
Author’s last name, Initials. (Publication date). Title of the chapter. Initials and last name of the Editor (Ed.),Complete title of the book (first-final page numbers). Publication location: Publishing company.
Jones, L. (2000), What is health?. In Katz, J., Peberdy, A., Douglas, J. (eds.), Promoting Health: Knowledge and Practice, Basingstoke: Palgrave.
- Print journal article
Author’s last name, Initials (Publication date). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume, first-final page numbers.
Lang, T. (1998). The new globalization, food and health: is public health receiving its due emphasis?. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 52 (9), 538-39.
- Article in an online journal
Include a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if the journal lists one. If no DOI is available, list a URL. Include an access date only if one is required by your publisher or discipline.
- Dissertation or Thesis
Author’s last name, Initials (Year of defense). Title of work. Indication of the type of work, Institution, Location.
Anderson, G. (2006). Crisis Resolution and Community Mental Health: An Ethnography of Two Teams. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Durham, Durham.
- Article in a newspaper or popular magazine
Newspaper and magazine articles may be cited in running text instead of in a note, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography. If you consulted the article online, include a URL; include an access date only if your publisher or discipline requires one. If no author is identified, begin the citation with the article title.
A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text or in a note. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date or, if available, a date that the site was last modified.
- Blog entry or comment
Blog entries or comments may be cited in running text instead of in a note, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography. The following examples show the more formal versions of the citations. There is no need to add pseud. after an apparently fictitious or informal name.
Citations in the text should indicate the author’s last name, followed by the publication year between parentheses. When a citation refers to a work by three, four or five authors, list all the last names the first time a reference to the work appears, and in subsequent references give only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” and the publication year. If a work has six or more authors, give only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in the first as well as in all subsequent citations. The names of all authors should be mentioned in the references.
Each table should appear on a separate page with a brief descriptive title. The tables should be numbered consecutively and placed at the end of the manuscript following references. Placement in text must be indicated by a phrase such as 'Insert Table 1 about here' set off from the rest of the text. Sources for more information in a table should be footnoted below the title.
All illustrations and charts should be referred to as Figures in the text. They must be finished drawings not needing further artwork or typesetting, and originals will be required if the manuscript is accepted. Placement must be indicated in text.
Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'.